Manual of Buddhist Terms and Doctrines,
By Nyanatiloka Mahathera
bahula-kamma: ‘habitual kamma’: s. kamma.
bala: ‘powers’. Among various groups of powers the following five are most frequently met with in the texts: (1) faith (saddhā, q.v.), (2) energy (viriya, q.v.), (3) mindfulness (sati, q.v.), (4) concentration (samādhi, q.v.), (5) wisdom (paññā, q.v.).
Their particular aspect, distinguishing them from the corresponding 5 spiritual faculties (indriya, q.v.), is that they are unshakable by their opposites: (1) the power of faith is unshakable by faithlessness (unbelief); (2) energy, by laziness; (3) mindfulness, by forgetfulness; (4) concentration, by distractedness; (5) wisdom, by ignorance (see Pts.M., Ñāṇa Kathā). They represent, therefore, the aspect of firmness in the spiritual faculties.
According to A.V. 15, the power (1) becomes manifest in the 4 qualities of the Stream-winner (Sotāpannassa aṅgāni, q.v.), (2) in the 4 right efforts (s. padhāna), (3) in the 4 foundations of mindfulness (Satipaṭṭhāna, q.v.), (4) in the 4 absorptions (jhāna, q.v.), (5) in the (full comprehension of the) 4 Noble Truths (sacca, q.v.) .
Cf. S. XLVIII, 43; S. L. (Bala Saṃyutta).
In A. VII, 3, the powers of moral shame (hiri, q.v.) and moral dread (ottappa ) are added to the aforementioned five Several other groups of 2 (s. paṭisaṅkhāna-bala), 4, 5 and more powers are mentioned in the texts. – About the 10 powers of a Buddha, s. dasa-bala.
balance of mental faculties: indriya samatta (q.v.).
bases: The 12 of the perceptual process: āyatana (q.v.).
beautiful: Sobhana (q.v.).
beauty, deliverance through the perception of: cf. vimokkha (II. 3) To hold for beautiful or pure (subha) what is impure (asubha), is one of the 4 perversions (s. vipallāsa).
behaviour, morality consisting in good: abhisamācārikasīla (q.v.) .
being, living: satta (q.v.); further s. puggala. – Belief in eternal personality: bhava-diṭṭhi (s. diṭṭhi), sassata-diṭṭhi (q.v.).
beings, The 9 worlds of: sattāvāsa (q.v.).
belief, blind: s. indriya-samatta.